People are unemployed if, during a specified reference period, they are:
- employed for less than 1 hour,
- actively seeking work, and
- currently available for work.
Unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people as a proportion of the labour force, and does not include those who are not in the labour force.
In 2018–19, among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples aged 15–64:
- 55,771 were unemployed.
- The unemployment rate decreased with increasing age, from 26% (24,225) among those aged 15–24, to 10% (2,292) among those aged 55–64 (Figure EW 17a).
- The unemployment rate was higher in remote areas (21% or 9,297) than in non-remote areas (18% or 46,870) (Figure EW 17b).
Long-term unemployment is defined here as unemployment of 12 months or more. Between 1994 and 2018–19, long-term unemployment among Indigenous Australians decreased from 14% to 6% (Figure EW 18).