Skip to content
Beta
The website is currently in development and some functionality is not yet available. You are welcome to add your feedback as we continue to update content.
Browser not supported. Not optimized for Internet Explorer 11. To get the best possible experience using this site we recommend you use the latest versions of Microsoft Edge, Chrome or Firefox.
Skip to navigation

Older people

50 years and over

Social and economic determinants

Social and economic circumstances are important determinants of health and wellbeing. This section outlines some of the main social and economic factors for Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over.

Education

In 2016, the highest level of educational attainment among Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over was:

  • Year 10 (22% or 19,919)
  • Year 8 or below (19% or 17,001)
  • Certificate III or IV (16% or 14,784) (Figure OP 14).
Export

Employment

In the labour force: Those who are currently employed, or unemployed but actively looking for and available to start working.

Not in the labour force: Those who are not actively looking for work, or are looking but unavailable to start working.

Employment rate: The percentage of the population who are employed.

Unemployment rate: The percentage of the labour force who are unemployed.

In 2016, among Indigenous Australians aged 50–64:

  • 53% (39,262) were in the labour force (Figure OP 15a).
  • 47% (34,645) were employed, with those living in Major cities more likely to be employed (53% or 14,068) than those living in Very remote areas (36% or 3,079) (Figure OP 15b).
  • The unemployment rate was 12% (4,614). The unemployment rate was higher in Very remote areas (18% or 669) and lowest in Major cities (9% or 1,365) (Figure OP 15c).
Export

Household income

Equivalised household incomes are incomes that have been adjusted to make it possible to compare the incomes of households of different sizes and compositions. They reflect that larger households need more money to achieve the same standard of living than smaller households.

In 2016, among Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over:

  • 43% (36,220) lived in households with a weekly equivalised household income of $499 or less.
  • Those living in non-remote areas (7% or 5,232) were more likely to live in a household with a weekly equivalised income of $1,750 or over than those living in remote areas (5% or 698) (Figure OP 16).
Export

Housing

In 2016, among Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over:

  • 47% (43,304) lived in a dwelling they owned outright or with a mortgage.
  • 31% (28,588) lived in social housing (dwellings rented through a state or territory housing authority or community housing).
  • 21% (19,089) lived in other homes being rented (Figure OP 17a).

On Census night in 2016, 3% (3,063) of Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over were homeless (Figure OP 17b). Of this group:

  • 57% (1,736) lived in severely crowded homes (requiring 4 or more additional bedrooms).
  • 17% (532) lived in improvised dwellings.
  • 12% (361) lived in supported accommodation for the homeless (Figure OP 17c).
Export

Financial stress and food security

In 2018–19, among Indigenous Australians aged 50 and over:

  • 53% (69,000) lived in households that, in an emergency, could not raise $2,000 in a week.
  • 46% (21,400) lived in households that had days without money for basic living expenses in the last 2 weeks.
  • 22% (30,300) lived in households than ran out of food in the last 12 months and could not afford to buy more (Figure OP 18).
Export