Skip to content
Browser not supported. Not optimized for Internet Explorer 11. To get the best possible experience using this site we recommend you use the latest versions of Microsoft Edge, Chrome or Firefox.
Skip to navigation

Life expectancy and mortality

Death rates

In 2015–2019, the age-standardised death rate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples was 922 deaths per 100,000 persons (1,036 per 100,000 for males and 819 per 100,000 for females) (AIHW & NIAA 2022).

Death rates among Indigenous Australians generally increased with age, with the lowest rate among children aged 5–14 (17 deaths per 100,000 population). The oldest age group — those 75 and over — died at the rate of 7,283 deaths per 100,000 population (Figure LM 3).


In 2021, there were 4,081 deaths among all Indigenous Australians, with a median age at death of 61.9 years.

The highest rate of deaths among Indigenous Australians occurred in Remote and Very remote areas (14.6 per 1,000 standard population) – 1.7 times the rate of death in Major cities (8.8 per 1,000).

For infants, the death rate in Remote and Very remote areas was 7.9 per live births – 1.9 times the rate of death in Major cities (4.2 deaths per live births) (Figure LM 4).


From 2013 to 2021, age-standardised death rates for Indigenous Australians changed minimally at a national level. However, death rates in Remote and Very remote areas appeared to fall considerably (from 17.5 to 14.6 deaths per 1,000 standard population).

The age-standardised death rates in non-remote areas increased somewhat over the same period (Figure LM 5).